Summary
Design and Implemention
Technical Survey
Socioeconomic Profile
Expenditure Levels
Existing Facilities
Perceptions about Existing Facilities
Desire for Change and WTP
   
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Socioeconomic Profile

Household Characteristics

Household density is significant for an estimation of the demand for water consumption. Overall, average household density in the Small Towns is about 8,28 persons. 45.5 % of the households have 6 or fewer persons, while 54.6 % have 7 or more persons. 25 % have 10 or more persons, and 10 % have 15 or more persons.

In terms of distinction between children and adults, further analysis shows about 37 % of households in Small Towns have 1 or 2 adults (persons aged 18 or above), while 63.4 % have 3 or more adults. 31.3 % have 5 or more adults, and 6.7 % 10 or more adults in the household.

60.1 % of the households have 4 or less children, 35.1 % have 5-10 children, while 4.8 % have 11 or more children.

Average number of rooms occupied by households in the Small Towns is 4,2. About one-eight (12.6 %) of households occupy just one room. 21.4 % occupy 2 rooms, 31.8 % 3-4 rooms, 29.5 % have 5-10 rooms, while 3.9 % have 11 or more rooms.

45.5 % of the houses in the Small Towns are occupied by single households, 34.1 % have 2-4 households, 16.4 % have 5-10 households, while 3.6 % have 11 or more households.

Most (69.6 %) of the houses in the Small Towns are owner-occupied, 21.5 % are rented, while 8.8 % are occupied by non-paying tenants.

Educational Background

While 36.9 % of the wives interviewed had no formal education, 29.7 % had primary education, 21.4 % secondary education, and 9.3 % post-secondary education.

41.9 % of the husbands had no formal education, 25.2 % had primary education, 17.8 % had secondary education and 15 % had post-secondary education.

For other members of the households studied, 10.8 % had no formal education, 16.6 % had primary education, 48.3 % secondary education and 24.4 % post-secondary education.

Employment Status

The employment status of household members is important for the assessment of ability to pay for improved services and facilities. In all, about 99 % of the households have at least one person in the household that is employed. 73.9 % of the households have 2 or more household members who are employed, while 24.9 % have only one employed household member.

The occupation of the household members varied, with farmers constituting the largest single occupational group in the Small Towns. Other occupational categories identified are unskilled workers such as cleaners, skilled workers, including artisans such as carpenters, bricklayers, tailors and mechanics. Traders or business persons, office workers such as clerical officers and messengers and professionals such as engineers, lawyers, accountants and doctors.

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